IBER – BAS
The Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research (IBER-BAS) was established on 1 July 2010 after merging of Institute of Zoology, Institute of Botany, and Central Laboratory of General Ecology in accordance with the Resolution of the General Assembly of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences from 23.03.2010.
Significant national and international researches are carried out in IBER in theoretical and applied aspects of ecology, biodiversity, environmental conservation and sustainable use of biological resources and the plan is to train such staff in the area of botany, mycology, zoology, ecology, hydrobiology, conservation biology, environmental genetic, evolutionary biology and other closely related scientific areas, as well as to ensure scientific information, to give methodic supply to governmental institutions and civil society structures, and to present the country in European Research Area within its competence.
Now the Institute has highly qualified staff of 232 persons (135 women), of them 122 are research staff, among them 49 professors and associates, and 73 assistant-professors.
Priority research directions are:
- Structure and functioning of biotic communities, ecosystems and landscapes in the present and in the past;
- Diversity of organisms and their ecological and evolutionary relationships on all levels: from genetic and population to ecosystem level.
- Origin, development history and dynamics of biota and its components: flora, mycota and fauna.
- Scientific basis for conservation of living nature: identifying of threats and developing of methods for their removing or limiting;
- Approaches and methods for sustainable management of protected nature objects.
- Approaches and methods for sustainable management of biological resources, incl. studies on resource importance of species and communities not used before.
- Ecology and biology of species of economical and social importance, incl. approaches and methods for assessment; limiting the impact and regulation of density of invasive species, pests, parasites and other organisms of importance to medicine, nature protection, agriculture, forestry, fishery, hunting, managements of bio-resources and other human activities.
- Scientific basis of ecological risk assessment, the quality of environment and impact on it, elaboration of approaches and methods for biodiversity assessment, bio-monitoring and safety systems.
The current scientific action plan for 2014- 2016 includes the two priority programs of BAS:
- Environment, ecosystem functions, biodiversity, and climate changes;
- Biological resources and scientific fundaments of bio-economics.
There are 105 research projects developed in IBER during 2015q most of them financed by various national and international sources such as FEC FPRD, Operative programs, National Science Fund, also contracting ministries and/or companies, etc. About 220 scientific papers (books, articles, reports) are published produced in 2015 only by the IBER scientists, another 687 pieces are still in press.
The Institute has well-equipped laboratories for various floristic, faunistic and ecological studies: chemical, phytochemical, genetic, karyological, biotechnological, parasitological, ecological microbiology, light-microscope laboratory, GIS-centre. The IBER has several experimental field stations in Srebarna Biosphere Reserve, Kalimok Reserve, in the town of Sozopol, Atanasovsko Ezero Reserve, Beglika locality, Parangalitsa Biosphere Reserve, Plana Mt.
The basic staff developing the project FEMA comes from of the Department of Aquatic Ecosystems which general research priorities are:
- Biology and ecology of surface water bodies, incl. Brackish/trasnistional coastal waters;
- Bio-indication and bio-monitoring of surface water bodies;
- Methodology and practice of ecological classification and assessment of the human pressures and impacts on ecosystems of the surface waters;
- Applied ecology and environmental impact assessments;
- Biodiversity and protection of aquatic species and habitats;
- Scientific and methodological support of the Integrated Water (Resources) Management.
As the beneficiary of the FEMA project, the basic IBER responsibilities are:
- General project management: planning and scheduling; managing documents and money flows, reporting, coordination activities with PO, project partners and other projects of the Program BG03.02;
- Handling of data on freshwater ecosystems state/conditions;
- Handling of data on freshwater ecosystem services provided;
- Development of DBs for mapping and GIS-layers of the freshwater ecosystems and product validation;
- Scientific outputs, incl. joint scientific conferences, int'l cooperation, development of scientific reports/papers/articles;
- Capacity building activities: workshops, training activities; awareness raising activities.